EU Report: Israel Using Tourism to Legitimize Jerusalem Settlements

Israel is developing archaeological and tourism sites to legitimize illegal settlements in Palestinian neighborhoods of Jerusalem, European Union diplomats in the city have warned.

A leaked report acquired by the British newspaper The Guardian cited projects in parts of East Jerusalem – occupied by Israel since 1967 – that are being used “as a political tool to modify the historical narrative and to support, legitimize and expand settlements.”

City of David, a government-funded archeological park managed by a settler-run NGO in the East Jerusalem Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan

City of David, a government-funded archeological park managed by a settler-run NGO in the East Jerusalem Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan (Photo: Emek Shaveh)

The report identified settler-run excavation sites in the heart of districts having an Arab majority, a proposed cable car project with stops on confiscated land and the designation of built-up urban areas as national parks. “East Jerusalem is the only place where Israeli national parks are declared on populated neighborhoods,” the report said.

The document, a report written annually by the EU Heads of Mission in Jerusalem, presented a bleak picture, saying the overall situation in the city and the prospects for peace have worsened.

Marginalization of Palestinians, who comprise about 37% of the city’s residents, continued unabated last year, with more than 130 building demolitions and the displacement of 228 people, the report said.

A record number of Israeli settlement proposals and the physical isolation of Palestinians under a strict Israeli permit scheme meant, “the city has largely ceased to be the Palestinian economic, urban and commercial centre it used to be.”

Archaeology and tourism development by government institutions as well as private settler organizations established what it said was a “narrative based on historic continuity of the Jewish presence in the area at the expense of other religions and cultures.” Chief among them, the report warned, was the City of David, a government-funded archeological park in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan that provides tours in the ruins of ancient Jerusalem.

The site is operated by a settler organization “promoting an exclusively Jewish narrative, while detaching the place from its Palestinian surroundings”.

Approximately 450 settlers live under heavy protection in Silwan, the report said, alongside almost 10,000 Palestinians. Continued evictions of Palestinian families and the increased Israeli security presence have created a particular tension, it warned.

More recently, a cable car project approved by the Israeli cabinet in May 2017 plans to connect West Jerusalem with the Old City, part of Jerusalem internationally recognized as occupied. Expected to be operational in 2020 and aiming to transport more than 3,000 people per hour, the report warned the “highly controversial” plan would contribute to the consolidation of “touristic settlements.” The project also aims, in a second phase not yet approved, to extend further into East Jerusalem.

“Critics have described the project as turning the World Heritage site of Jerusalem into a commercial theme park while local Palestinian residents are absent from the narrative being promoted to the visitors,” the report said. In addition, the diplomats warned, the cable car could lead to a deterioration of the security situation, as it would be located about 130 meters from the Temple Mount / Haram al-Sharif complex, revered as a holy site by both Muslims and Jews.

Full report by The Guardian